The Effects of Smoking on the Body

After some time he felt for his pipe. It was not broken, and that was something. Then he felt for his pouch, and there was some tobacco in it, and that was something more. Then he felt for matches and he could not find any at all, and that shattered his hopes completely.

― J.R.R. Tolkien, The Hobbit

Smoking is directly linked to the following diseases and side effects:

  1. Tobacco amblyopia – the breakdown of cyanide in tobacco results in Vitamin B12 & Vit C depletion. This is a slow process which results in blood and neurological change as well as weakening of the immune system.
  2. Growth retardation of foetuses, as well as babies being born as small-for-date. Babies are also born as addicts, and their lung and brain development is impaired. Otitis Media in small children is rife, and directly attributable to parental smoking.
  3. Allergic skin disease, allergic eye problems resulting in blindness, allergic rhinitis.
  4. Stomach ulcers, mouth ulcers and oral lesions, as well as gingivitis and other oral and dental disease. Gums recede, leaving the neck of the teeth exposed to decay.
  5. Chronic sinusitis. Post nasal drip.
  6. Chronic obstructive pulmonary illness (bronchitis, asthma, emphysema).
  7. Cancer of the lung, cervix, prostate, duodenum, bowel, rectum, mouth, tongue, larynx, pharynx, oesophagus, stomach, pancreas, kidney, bladder, urethra and colon.
  8. Vascular disease and strokes.
  9. Polycythaemia – multiplication of red blood cells due to carbon monoxide in cigarette smoke. This makes the blood thick and sludgy, resulting in high blood pressure and danger in thrombosis or embolism.
  10. Chronic headaches. Migraines. Eye Problems.
  11. Female infertility and spontaneous abortions are common. In males, loss of libido and lowered sperm count, with progressive erectile dysfunction to eventual impotence.
  12. Buerger’s & Rynaud’s disease – Gangrene of the extremities due to loss of blood circulation from smoking, resulting in the amputation of the hands and/or feet.